You are beginning to realize it may be time to take over. Perhaps you have visited recently, and you are getting concerned. There are hardly any groceries in the fridge, and bills seem to be piling up on the kitchen table. You can’t help but wonder as you said goodbye when the last time they paid the telephone bill was. Or you may wonder when you will need to go back to replace the curdling milk in the fridge again – this is even more of a concern if you live out of town.
The truth is that it’s never a good time to have a conversation with your ageing parent. Chances are they will not want to talk about it, especially if they don’t feel in control of their finances due to a mental decline. They may also have their fears about getting older and having to use the financial safety net they have been socking away for years to care for themselves or, worse – have to rely on you to care for them. They may also not want to burden you, especially now that you are divorced and need to manage life on your own as well. Unfortunately, it may never be a good time to talk to your parents about their ability to care for themselves head-on. Let’s dive into the top financial considerations you will need to discuss and how you may want to breach the conversation.
What Are Financial Resources Available?
They recognize the very real possibility that your parent will need to set aside funds for additional care and medical costs in the future, which may be difficult. It is essential to understand what financial shape they are in by looking at their income, the bills and any other expenses they have to pay. See if the cash they have to work with and the income they have coming in are at risk of running out. Do they own their own home, are they willing to sell, or are they renting? How significant is their nest egg, and could they afford care if they needed it? What private medical plans do they have access to, and what will it cover?
You will also need to talk to them about where they would want to be cared for. Full-time care in the home can cost anywhere from $2000 to $10,000 per month. Do the math and see if the numbers fall short of what your ageing parent will need. It is essential to look at alternative funding options sooner than later.
Potential alternatives could be moving them in with yourself or another family member who can care for them or exploring government-subsidized care at a facility. Keep in mind that both options will likely require discussion and coordination to make the transition for your parent as smooth as possible. Consider the long waiting lists for subsidized care in a facility. If your parent is not on a list- years in advance, it may not be there when you need it.
Are their Financial Documents Organized and Up To Date?
You will also need to confirm if they have updated their beneficiaries on investments and insurance statements. The same goes for their will. It is a good idea to create a summary of all of their assets so that it is easier to understand where they stand financially at a glance. List all of the financial professionals on your summary sheet, including names and phone numbers, so you can quickly get in touch with them should you need to followup.
Have They Fallen Behind on Their Taxes?
Do you have the type of parent who likes to file their own taxes, or do they work with a tax professional? Get in contact with CRA or their accountant to determine if they have fallen behind. Keep in mind several investments, such as pension and RRIF income, don’t deduct taxes at the source, so unless they request taxes to be deducted at the source, they will likely owe taxes at the end of each year. Your ageing parent could also be missing out on receiving certain government benefits associated with not filing their taxes as well.
Resist The Temptation to Put Off the Conversation Any Longer
Of course, talking to your parent about taking over managing their finances won’t be easy. And you may come up against several roadblocks before they are truly ready to have the conversation. Yet not talking about it won’t make it any easier. In fact, the longer you wait may mean fewer options for your ageing parent. Breach the subject by asking open-ended questions or offering to take the burden of paying the bills off their shoulders as a first step. Keep the conversation going and enlist the services of a financial professional to support you in this process.
Enclosed is a tool to help you keep track of your legal documents and can be essential to help you stay on top of your ageing parent’s finances.